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had a tax holiday for the first 10 years in Ireland. We paid no taxes to the Irish government, one former finance executive, who asked not to be named, said.
Apple told the subcommittee it could not answer questions about why it chose Ireland as a base since it had lost the paperwork from the period.
Apple wasn an exception, although it was among the last to enjoy such favourable treatment. From 1956 to 1980, Ireland attracted foreign companies by offering a zero rate of tax, according to the Irish government website. Eligible companies arriving in 1980 were given holidays until 1990.
Ireland also offered low wage rates a big attraction when it came to hiring Fred Perry Polo Black White Red
Apple enjoyed Irish tax holiday from the start
hundreds of people for the relatively low skilled work of assembling electronic equipment.
As part of Ireland accession to the European Economic Community, precursor to the European Union, in 1973, it was forced to stop offering tax holidays to exporters. At the time, the country was struggling with high and rising unemployment, double digit inflation and a brain drain of the young and educated through emigration.
multinational attracted into Ireland that was focusing on the export market paid 0% corporation tax, said Barry O CEO of IDA Ireland, which is charged with attracting investment into Ireland.
Irish unit would be able to enjoy rights to Apple intellectual property for goods sold outside the Americas.
More value has been associated with generating the intellectual property behind the technology which Apple did in the United States and with the selling of goods, which Polo Shirts For Men Black Front And Back was to be done on the ground in France, Britain and India.
were tax concessions for us to go there, said Del Yocam, who was Vice President of manufacturing at Apple in the early 1980s. was a big concession. fact, the deal was about as good as a company can get.
were the first technology company to establish a manufacturing operation in Ireland, recalled John Sculley, Apple CEO from 1983 to 1993. He said government subsidies had also played a role in deciding to set up a base in Ireland.
In the early days, Apple staff sat down to meals together. Now the company employs 4,000 in Ireland.
Apple said it pays all the tax due in every country where it operates. It declined to comment on the tax treatment it received in the 1980s.
But none of these countries offered the tax advantages Ireland did. One called him father of it all arrived at Apple in 1980, from computer pioneer Digital Equipment Corp (DEC) in Massachusetts, where he had learnt about tax efficient corporate structuring in tech companies.
The committee revealed that Apple Irish companies, some of which are not tax resident in any jurisdiction, allowed the group to pay no tax on much of its overseas earnings in recent years.
Apple must have seemed attractive to Ireland and to Cork. Amid a generally moribund Irish economy, Cork had been hard hit by the closure of its shipyards and a Ford car plant, and in 1986 nearly one in four were out of work in the city.
SAN FRANCISCO/DUBLIN Apple has operated almost tax free in Ireland since 1980, welcomed by a government keen to bring jobs to what was then one of Europe poorest countries, former company executives and Irish officials have said.
The operation in Cork built the company Apple II computer and would later build disc drives, computers and others. These would be sold in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia.
But having a tax holiday in Ireland would not, in itself, have allowed Apple to operate tax free in these markets.
faced criticism from a Senate subcommittee in Washington on Tuesday over the iPad and iPhone maker tax practices, which had been shrouded from full view behind secretive tax exempt Irish based corporate entities. taxes and said its arrangements helped fund research jobs in the United States.
The Senate subcommittee report reveals how the arrangement was structured. In 1980, Apple entered into a deal with its Irish operation, whereby the latter would share the cost of funding Apple research and development. In return, the Fred Perry White Jacket
Senator Carl Levin, chairman of the subcommittee, said Apple had sought Holy Grail of tax avoidance former company executive and Irish officials told Reuters the almost tax free status dates all the way back to Apple arrival in County Cork 32 years ago.
Apple had already decided to establish its base in Ireland when Rashkin moved to Silicon Valley, but he used his experience at DEC to set up a tax structure that took advantage of Apple base in the country, the executives said. Rashkin declined to comment.
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